Vol"un*ta*rism(?), n. 1. (Philosophy) Any theory which conceives will to be the dominant factor in experience or in the constitution of the world; -- contrasted with intellectualism. Schopenhauer and Fichte are typical exponents of the two types of metaphysical voluntarism, Schopenhauer teaching that the evolution of the universe is the activity of a blind and irrational will, Fichte holding that the intelligent activity of the ego is the fundamental fact of reality.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]
2. the principle or practice of depending on volunteers to support institutions or perform some desired action.
3. a political philosophy opposed to dependence on governmental action or support for social services that might be performed by private groups.
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Sun 16th December 2018