viper

vi"per

(v"pr), n. [F. vipre, L. vipera, probably contr. fr. vivipera; vivus alive + parere to bring forth, because it was believed to be the only serpent that brings forth living young. Cf. Quick, a., Parent, Viviparous, Wivern, Weever.]
[1913 Webster]

1. (Zol.) Any one of numerous species of Old World venomous snakes belonging to Vipera, Clotho, Daboia, and other genera of the family Viperid.
[1913 Webster]

There came a viper out of the heat, and fastened on his hand.
Acts xxviii. 3.
[1913 Webster]

Among the best-known species are the European adder (Pelias berus), the European asp (Vipera aspis), the African horned viper (Vipera cerastes), and the Indian viper (Daboia Russellii).
[1913 Webster]

2. A dangerous, treacherous, or malignant person.
[1913 Webster]

Who committed
To such a viper his most sacred trust
Of secrecy.
Milton.
[1913 Webster]

3. Loosely, any venomous or presumed venomous snake.
[PJC]

Horned viper. (Zol.) See Cerastes. -- Red viper (Zol.), the copperhead. -- Viper fish (Zol.), a small, slender, phosphorescent deep-sea fish (Chauliodus Sloanii). It has long ventral and dorsal fins, a large mouth, and very long, sharp teeth. -- Viper's bugloss (Bot.), a rough-leaved biennial herb (Echium vulgare) having showy purplish blue flowers. It is sometimes cultivated, but has become a pestilent weed in fields from New York to Virginia. Also called blue weed. -- Viper's grass (Bot.), a perennial composite herb (Scorzonera Hispanica) with narrow, entire leaves, and solitary heads of yellow flowers. The long, white, carrot-shaped roots are used for food in Spain and some other countries. Called also viper grass.
[1913 Webster]

Vi`per*i"na

(?), n. pl. (Zol.) See Viperoidea.
[1913 Webster]

 

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Sat 15th December 2018