Valve(?), n. [L. valva the leaf, fold, or valve of a door: cf. F. valve.]
1. A door; especially, one of a pair of folding doors, or one of the leaves of such a door.
Swift through the valves the visionary fairPope.
Heavily closed, . . . the valves of the barn doors.Longfellow.
2. A lid, plug, or cover, applied to an aperture so that by its movement, as by swinging, lifting and falling, sliding, turning, or the like, it will open or close the aperture to permit or prevent passage, as of a fluid.
A valve may act automatically so as to be opened by the effort of a fluid to pass in one direction, and closed by the effort to pass in the other direction, as a clack valve; or it may be opened or closed by hand or by mechanism, as a screw valve, or a slide valve.
(Anat.) One or more membranous partitions, flaps, or folds, which permit the passage of the contents of a vessel or cavity in one direction, but stop or retard the flow in the opposite direction; as, the ileocolic, mitral, and semilunar
(Bot.) (a) One of the pieces into which a capsule naturally separates when it bursts. (b) One of the two similar portions of the shell of a diatom. (c) A small portion of certain anthers, which opens like a trapdoor to allow the pollen to escape, as in the barberry.
(Zol.) One of the pieces or divisions of bivalve or multivalve shells.
Check valve, etc. See under Air. Ball, Check, etc. --
Double-beat valve, a kind of balance valve usually consisting of a movable, open-ended, turban-shaped shell provided with two faces of nearly equal diameters, one above another, which rest upon two corresponding seats when the valve is closed. --
Equilibrium valve. (a) A balance valve. See under Balance. (b) A valve for permitting air, steam, water, etc., to pass into or out of a chamber so as to establish or maintain equal pressure within and without. --
(Mach.), a chamber in which a valve works; especially
(Steam Engine), the steam chest; -- called in England
valve box, and
valve casing. See
Steam chest, under Steam. --
(Mach.), that part of the surface of a valve which comes in contact with the
valve seat. --
(Steam Engine), the system of parts by which motion is given to the valve or valves for the distribution of steam in the cylinder. For an illustration of one form of
valve gear, see Link motion. --
(Mach.) (a) The fixed surface on which a valve rests or against which it presses. (b) A part or piece on which such a surface is formed. --
(Mach.), a rod attached to a valve, for moving it. --
(Mach.), a strap embracing a slide valve and connecting it to the valve stem.
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Mon 29th November 2021