Turtle

Tur"tle

, n. [Probably the same word as the word preceding, and substituted (probably by sailors) for the Spanish or Portuguese name; cf. Sp. tortuga tortoise, turtle, Pg. tartaruga, also F. tortue, and E. tortoise.]
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1. (Zol.) Any one of the numerous species of Testudinata, especially a sea turtle, or chelonian.
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In the United States the land and fresh-water tortoises are also called turtles.
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2. (Printing) The curved plate in which the form is held in a type-revolving cylinder press.
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Alligator turtle, Box turtle, etc. See under Alligator, Box, etc. -- green turtle (Zol.), a marine turtle of the genus Chelonia, having usually a smooth greenish or olive-colored shell. It is highly valued for the delicacy of its flesh, which is used especially for turtle soup. Two distinct species or varieties are known; one of which (Chelonia Midas) inhabits the warm part of the Atlantic Ocean, and sometimes weighs eight hundred pounds or more; the other (Chelonia virgata) inhabits the Pacific Ocean. Both species are similar in habits and feed principally on seaweed and other marine plants, especially the turtle grass. -- Turtle cowrie (Zol.), a large, handsome cowrie (Cypra testudinaria); the turtle-shell; so called because of its fancied resemblance to a tortoise in color and form. -- Turtle grass (Bot.), a marine plant (Thalassia testudinum) with grasslike leaves, common about the West Indies. -- Turtle shell, tortoise shell. See under Tortoise.
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Tue 11th December 2018