Town

Town

(?), n. [OE. toun, tun, AS. tun inclosure, fence, village, town; akin to D. tuin a garden, G. zaun a hadge, fence, OHG. zun, Icel. tun an inclosure, homestead, house, Ir. & Gael. dun a fortress, W. din. Cf. Down, adv. & prep., Dune, tine to inclose.] 1. Formerly: (a) An inclosure which surrounded the mere homestead or dwelling of the lord of the manor. [Obs.] (b) The whole of the land which constituted the domain. [Obs.] (c) A collection of houses inclosed by fences or walls. [Obs.] Palsgrave.
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2. Any number or collection of houses to which belongs a regular market, and which is not a city or the see of a bishop. [Eng.] Johnson.
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3. Any collection of houses larger than a village, and not incorporated as a city; also, loosely, any large, closely populated place, whether incorporated or not, in distinction from the country, or from rural communities.
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God made the country, and man made the town.
Cowper.
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4. The body of inhabitants resident in a town; as, the town voted to send two representatives to the legislature; the town voted to lay a tax for repairing the highways.
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5. A township; the whole territory within certain limits, less than those of a country. [U. S.]
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6. The court end of London; -- commonly with the.
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7. The metropolis or its inhabitants; as, in winter the gentleman lives in town; in summer, in the country.
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Always hankering after the diversions of the town.
Addison.
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Stunned with his giddy larum half the town.
Pope.
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The same form of expressions is used in regard to other populous towns.
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8. A farm or farmstead; also, a court or farmyard. [Prov. Eng. & Scot.]
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Town is often used adjectively or in combination with other words; as, town clerk, or town-clerk; town-crier, or town crier; townhall, town-hall, or town hall; townhouse, town house, or town-house.
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Syn. -- Village; hamlet. See Village.
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Town clerk, an office who keeps the records of a town, and enters its official proceedings. See Clerk. -- Town cress (Bot.), the garden cress, or peppergrass. Dr. Prior. -- Town house. (a) A house in town, in distinction from a house in the country. (b) See Townhouse. -- Town meeting, a legal meeting of the inhabitants of a town entitled to vote, for the transaction of public bisiness. [U. S.] -- Town talk, the common talk of a place; the subject or topic of common conversation.
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Mon 17th December 2018