This

This

(s), pron. & a.;
pl. These (z).
[OE. this, thes, AS. s, masc., es, fem., is, neut.; akin to OS. these, D. deze, G. dieser, OHG. diser, deser, Icel. essi; originally from the definite article + a particle -se, -si; cf. Goth. sai behold. See The, That, and cf. These, Those.] 1. As a demonstrative pronoun, this denotes something that is present or near in place or time, or something just mentioned, or that is just about to be mentioned.
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When they heard this, they were pricked in their heart.
Acts ii. 37.
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But know this, that if the good man of the house had known in what watch the thief would come, he would have watched.
Matt. xxiv. 43.
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2. As an adjective, this has the same demonstrative force as the pronoun, but is followed by a noun; as, this book; this way to town.
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This may be used as opposed or correlative to that, and sometimes as opposed to other or to a second this. See the Note under That, 1.
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This way and that wavering sails they bend.
Pope.
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A body of this or that denomination is produced.
Boyle.
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Their judgment in this we may not, and in that we need not, follow.
Hooker.
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Consider the arguments which the author had to write this, or to design the other, before you arraign him.
Dryden.
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Thy crimes . . . soon by this or this will end.
Addison.
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This, like a, every, that, etc., may refer to a number, as of years, persons, etc., taken collectively or as a whole.
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This twenty years have I been with thee..
Gen. xxxi. 38.
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I have not wept this years; but now
My mother comes afresh into my eyes.
Dryden.
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Wed 19th December 2018