The*os"o*phy(?), n. [Gr. knowledge of things divine, fr. wise in the things of God; God + wise: cf. F. thosophie.] Any system of philosophy or mysticism which proposes to attain intercourse with God and superior spirits, and consequent superhuman knowledge, by physical processes, as by the theurgic operations of some ancient Platonists, or by the chemical processes of the German fire philosophers; also, a direct, as distinguished from a revealed, knowledge of God, supposed to be attained by extraordinary illumination; especially, a direct insight into the processes of the divine mind, and the interior relations of the divine nature.
Ther`a*peu"t(?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. (pl. ) an attendant, servant, physician. See Therapeutic.] (Eccl. Hist.) A name given to certain ascetics said to have anciently dwelt in the neighborhood of Alexandria. They are described in a work attributed to Philo, the genuineness and credibility of which are now much discredited.
Ther`a*peu"tic*al(?), } a. [F. thrapeutique, Gr. , from attendant, servant, to serve, take care of, treat medically, attendant, servant.] (Med.) Of or pertaining to the healing art; concerned in discovering and applying remedies for diseases; curative. "Therapeutic or curative physic." Sir T. Browne.
Medicine is justly distributed into "prophylactic," or the art of preserving health, and therapeutic, or the art of restoring it.I. Watts.
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