, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Summed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Summing.] [Cf. F. sommer, LL. summare.] 1. To bring together into one whole; to collect into one amount; to cast up, as a column of figures; to ascertain the totality of; -- usually with up.
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The mind doth value every moment, and then the hour doth rather sum up the moments, than divide the day.
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2. To bring or collect into a small compass; to comprise in a few words; to condense; -- usually with up.
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"Go to the ant, thou sluggard," in few words sums up the moral of this fable.
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He sums their virtues in himself alone.
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3. (Falconry) To have (the feathers) full grown; to furnish with complete, or full-grown, plumage.
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But feathered soon and fledge
They summed their pens [wings].
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Summing up, a compendium or abridgment; a recapitulation; a rsum; a summary.
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Syn. -- To cast up; collect; comprise; condense; comprehend; compute.
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} (?), n. [F. sumac, formerly sumach (cf. Sp. zumaque), fr. Ar. summq.]
[Written also shumac.]
1. (Bot.) Any plant of the genus Rhus, shrubs or small trees with usually compound leaves and clusters of small flowers. Some of the species are used in tanning, some in dyeing, and some in medicine. One, the Japanese Rhus vernicifera, yields the celebrated Japan varnish, or lacquer.
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2. The powdered leaves, peduncles, and young branches of certain species of the sumac plant, used in tanning and dyeing.
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Poison sumac. (Bot.) See under Poison.
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Thu 06th August 2020