Strong(?), a. [Compar. Stronger (?); superl. Strongest (?).] [AS. strang, strong; akin to D. & G. streng strict, rigorous, OHG. strengi strong, brave, harsh, Icel. strangr strong, severe, Dan. streng, Sw. strng strict, severe. Cf. Strength, Stretch, String.] 1. Having active physical power, or great physical power to act; having a power of exerting great bodily force; vigorous.
That our oxen may be strong to labor.Ps. cxliv. 14.
Orses the strong to greater strength must yield.Dryden.
2. Having passive physical power; having ability to bear or endure; firm; hale; sound; robust; as, a
3. Solid; tough; not easily broken or injured; able to withstand violence; able to sustain attacks; not easily subdued or taken; as, a
strong beam; a
strong rock; a
strong fortress or town.
4. Having great military or naval force; powerful; as, a
strong army or fleet; a nation
strong at sea.
5. Having great wealth, means, or resources; as, a
strong house, or company of merchants.
6. Reaching a certain degree or limit in respect to strength or numbers; as, an army ten thousand
7. Moving with rapidity or force; violent; forcible; impetuous; as, a
strong current of water or wind; the wind was
strong from the northeast; a
8. Adapted to make a deep or effectual impression on the mind or imagination; striking or superior of the kind; powerful; forcible; cogent; as, a
strong evidence; a
9. Ardent; eager; zealous; earnestly engaged; as, a
strong partisan; a
strong Whig or Tory.
Her mother, ever strong against that match.Shak.
10. Having virtues of great efficacy; or, having a particular quality in a great degree; as, a
strong powder or tincture; a
strong tea or coffee.
11. Full of spirit; containing a large proportion of alcohol; intoxicating; as,
12. Affecting any sense powerfully; as,
strong light, colors, etc.; a
strong flavor of onions; a
13. Solid; nourishing; as,
Heb. v. 12.
14. Well established; firm; not easily overthrown or altered; as, a
strong custom; a
15. Violent; vehement; earnest; ardent.
He had offered up prayers and supplications with strong crying and tears.Heb. v. 7.
16. Having great force, vigor, power, or the like, as the mind, intellect, or any faculty; as, a man of a
strong mind, memory, judgment, or imagination.
I was stronger in prophecy than in criticism.Dryden.
17. Vigorous; effective; forcible; powerful.
Like her sweet voice is thy harmonious song,E. Smith.
As high, as sweet, as easy, and as strong.
(Stock Exchange) Tending to higher prices; rising; as, a
(Gram.) (a) Pertaining to, or designating, a verb which forms its preterit (imperfect) by a variation in the root vowel, and the past participle (usually) by the addition of -en (with or without a change of the root vowel); as in the verbs strive, strove, striven; break, broke, broken; drink, drank, drunk. Opposed to weak, or regular. See Weak. (b) Applied to forms in Anglo-Saxon, etc., which retain the old declensional endings. In the Teutonic languages the vowel stems have held the original endings most firmly, and are called strong; the stems in -n are called weak other constant stems conform, or are irregular.
F. A. March.
(Gram.), the conjugation of a strong verb; -- called also
old conjugation, or
irregular conjugation, and distinguished from the
weak conjugation or
Strong is often used in the formation of self-explaining compounds; as, strong-backed, strong-based, strong-bodied, strong-colored, strong-fisted, strong-handed, strong-ribbed, strong-smelling, strong-voiced, etc.
Syn. -- Vigorous; powerful; stout; solid; firm; hardy; muscular; forcible; cogent; valid. See Robust.
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Sun 20th October 2019