Straw"ber*ry(?), n. [AS. strewberige; strew straw + berie berry; perhaps from the resemblance of the runners of the plant to straws.] (Bot.) A fragrant edible berry, of a delicious taste and commonly of a red color, the fruit of a plant of the genus Fragaria, of which there are many varieties. Also, the plant bearing the fruit. The common American strawberry is Fragaria virginiana; the European, F. vesca. There are also other less common species.
Calico bass, under Calico. --
(Bot.) See under Blite. --
(Zol.), any one of several species of insects whose larv burrow in the crown or roots of the strawberry vine. Especially: (a) The root borer (Anarsia lineatella), a very small dark gray moth whose larv burrow both in the larger roots and crown, often doing great damage. (b) The crown borer (Tyloderma fragari), a small brown weevil whose larva burrows in the crown and kills the plant. --
(Bot.), an American shrub (Euonymus Americanus), a kind of spindle tree having crimson pods and the seeds covered with a scarlet aril. --
(Zol.), a small European spider crab (Eurynome aspera); -- so called because the back is covered with pink tubercles. --
(Zol.), the amadavat. --
(Bot.), a kind of saxifrage (Saxifraga sarmentosa) having reniform leaves, and producing long runners like those of the strawberry. --
Strawberry leaf. (a) The leaf of the strawberry. (b) The symbol of the rank or estate of a duke, because the ducal coronet is twined with strawberry leaves. "The strawberry leaves on her chariot panels are engraved on her ladyship's heart."
(Zol.), any one of several species of moths whose larv roll up, and feed upon, the leaves of the strawberry vine; especially, Phoxopteris fragari, and Eccopsis permundana. --
(Zol.), any one of several species of moth whose larv feed on the strawberry vines; as: (a) The smeared dagger (Apatela oblinita), whose large hairy larva is velvety black with two rows of bright yellow spots on each side. (b) A geometrid (Angerona crocataria) which is yellow with dusky spots on the wings. Called also
currant moth. --
(Bot.), the red ovoid fruit of a West Indian plant of the genus Cereus (C. triangularia). It has a sweetish flavor, and is slightly acid, pleasant, and cooling. Also, the plant bearing the fruit. --
(Zol.), a small black sawfly (Emphytus maculatus) whose larva eats the leaves of the strawberry vine. --
(Bot.) See Alkekengi. --
(Bot.) See Arbutus. --
(Bot.), the plant which yields the strawberry. --
(Zol.), the larva of any moth which feeds on the strawberry vine.
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Thu 21st February 2019