Stiff

Stiff

(?), a. [Compar. Stiffer (?); superl. Stiffest.] [OE. stif, AS. stf; akin to D. stijf, G. steif, Dan. stiv, Sw. styf, Icel. stfr, Lith. stipti to be stiff; cf. L. stipes a post, trunk of a tree, stipare to press, compress. Cf. Costive, Stifle, Stipulate, Stive to stuff.] 1. Not easily bent; not flexible or pliant; not limber or flaccid; rigid; firm; as, stiff wood, paper, joints.
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[They] rising on stiff pennons, tower
The mid arial sky.
Milton.
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2. Not liquid or fluid; thick and tenacious; inspissated; neither soft nor hard; as, the paste is stiff.
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3. Firm; strong; violent; difficult to oppose; as, a stiff gale or breeze.
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4. Not easily subdued; unyielding; stubborn; obstinate; pertinacious; as, a stiff adversary.
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It is a shame to stand stiff in a foolish argument.
Jer. Taylor.
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A war ensues: the Cretans own their cause,
Stiff to defend their hospitable laws.
Dryden.
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5. Not natural and easy; formal; constrained; affected; starched; as, stiff behavior; a stiff style.
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The French are open, familiar, and talkative; the Italians stiff, ceremonious, and reserved.
Addison.
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6. Harsh; disagreeable; severe; hard to bear. [Obs. or Colloq.] "This is stiff news." Shak.
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7. (Naut.) Bearing a press of canvas without careening much; as, a stiff vessel; -- opposed to crank. Totten.
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8. Very large, strong, or costly; powerful; as, a stiff charge; a stiff price. [Slang]
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Stiff neck, a condition of the neck such that the head can not be moved without difficulty and pain.
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Syn. -- Rigid; inflexible; strong; hardly; stubborn; obstinate; pertinacious; harsh; formal; constrained; affected; starched; rigorous.
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Sun 16th December 2018