Shift

Shift

(?), n. [Cf. Icel. skipti. See Shift, v. t.] 1. The act of shifting. Specifically: (a) The act of putting one thing in the place of another, or of changing the place of a thing; change; substitution.
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My going to Oxford was not merely for shift of air.
Sir H. Wotton.
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(b) A turning from one thing to another; hence, an expedient tried in difficulty; often, an evasion; a trick; a fraud. "Reduced to pitiable shifts." Macaulay.
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I 'll find a thousand shifts to get away.
Shak.
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Little souls on little shifts rely.
Dryden.
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2. Something frequently shifted; especially, a woman's under-garment; a chemise.
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3. The change of one set of workmen for another; hence, a spell, or turn, of work; also, a set of workmen who work in turn with other sets; as, a night shift.
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4. In building, the extent, or arrangement, of the overlapping of plank, brick, stones, etc., that are placed in courses so as to break joints.
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5. (Mining) A breaking off and dislocation of a seam; a fault.
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6. (Mus.) A change of the position of the hand on the finger board, in playing the violin.
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To make shift, to contrive or manage in an exigency. "I shall make shift to go without him." Shak.
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[They] made a shift to keep their own in Ireland.
Milton.
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Mon 17th December 2018