Sand"pi`per(?), n. 1. (Zol.) Any one of numerous species of small limicoline game birds belonging to Tringa, Actodromas, Ereunetes, and various allied genera of the family Tringid.
The most important North American species are the pectoral sandpiper (Tringa maculata), called also
grass snipe, and
jacksnipe; the red-backed, or black-breasted, sandpiper, or dunlin (T. alpina); the purple sandpiper (T. maritima: the red-breasted sandpiper, or knot (T. canutus); the semipalmated sandpiper (Ereunetes pusillus); the spotted sandpiper, or teeter-tail (Actitis macularia); the buff-breasted sandpiper (Tryngites subruficollis), and the Bartramian sandpiper, or upland plover. See under Upland. Among the European species are the dunlin, the knot, the ruff, the sanderling, and the common sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucus syn. Tringoides hypoleucus), called also
summer snipe. Some of the small plovers and tattlers are also called
(Zol.) A small lamprey eel; the pride.
Curlew sandpiper. See under Curlew. --
Stilt sandpiper. See under Stilt.
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Tue 18th December 2018