(?), n. [F. salamandre, L. salamandra, Gr. ; cf. Per. samander, samandel.] 1. (Zol.) Any one of numerous species of Urodela, belonging to Salamandra, Amblystoma, Plethodon, and various allied genera, especially those that are more or less terrestrial in their habits.
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The salamanders have, like lizards, an elongated body, four feet, and a long tail, but are destitute of scales. They are true Amphibia, related to the frogs. Formerly, it was a superstition that the salamander could live in fire without harm, and even extinguish it by the natural coldness of its body.
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I have maintained that salamander of yours with fire any time this two and thirty years.
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Whereas it is commonly said that a salamander extinguisheth fire, we have found by experience that on hot coals, it dieth immediately.
Sir T. Browne.
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2. (Zol.) The pouched gopher (Geomys tuza) of the Southern United States.
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3. A culinary utensil of metal with a plate or disk which is heated, and held over pastry, etc., to brown it.
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4. A large poker. [Prov. Eng.] Halliwell.
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5. (Metal.) Solidified material in a furnace hearth.
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Giant salamander. (Zol.) See under Giant. -- Salamander's hair or Salamander's wool (Min.), a species of asbestos or mineral flax. [Obs.] Bacon.
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Sat 31st October 2020