re*sile"(r*zl"), v. i. [imp. & p. p. resiled (-zld"); p. pr. & vb. n. resiling.] [L. resilire to leap or spring back; pref. re- re- + salire to leap, spring. See Salient.] To start back; to recoil; to recede from a purpose. J. Ellis.
re*sil"i*en*cy(r*zl"*n*s), } n. 1. The act of springing back, rebounding, or resiling; as, the resilience of a ball or of sound.
2. The power or inherent property of returning to the form from which a substance is bent, stretched, compressed, or twisted; elasticity; springiness; -- of objects and substances.
3. Hence: The power or ability to recover quickly from a setback, depression, illness, overwork or other adversity; buoyancy; elasticity; -- of people.
(Mech. & Engin.) The mechanical work required to strain an elastic body, as a deflected beam, stretched spring, etc., to the elastic limit; also, the work performed by the body in recovering from such strain.
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