Press, n. [F. presse. See 4th Press.] 1. An apparatus or machine by which any substance or body is pressed, squeezed, stamped, or shaped, or by which an impression of a body is taken; sometimes, the place or building containing a press or presses.
Presses are differently constructed for various purposes in the arts, their specific uses being commonly designated; as, a cotton
press, a wine
press, a cider
press, a copying
press, etc. See Drill press.
2. Specifically, a printing press.
3. The art or business of printing and publishing; hence, printed publications, taken collectively, more especially newspapers or the persons employed in writing for them; as, a free
press is a blessing, a licentious
press is a curse.
4. An upright case or closet for the safe keeping of articles; as, a clothes
5. The act of pressing or thronging forward.
In their throng and press to that last hold.Shak.
6. Urgent demands of business or affairs; urgency; as, a
press of engagements.
7. A multitude of individuals crowded together; crowd of single things; a throng.
They could not come nigh unto him for the press.Mark ii. 4.
Cylinder press, a printing press in which the impression is produced by a revolving cylinder under which the form passes; also, one in which the form of type or plates is curved around a cylinder, instead of resting on a flat bed. --
Hydrostatic press. See under Hydrostatic. --
Liberty of the press, the free right of publishing books, pamphlets, or papers, without previous restraint or censorship, subject only to punishment for libelous, seditious, or morally pernicious matters. --
Press bed, a bed that may be folded, and inclosed, in a press or closet.
Press of sail,
(Naut.), as much sail as the state of the wind will permit.
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