Pole, n. [L. polus, Gr. a pivot or hinge on which anything turns, an axis, a pole; akin to to move: cf. F. ple.] 1. Either extremity of an axis of a sphere; especially, one of the extremities of the earth's axis; as, the north pole.
(Spherics) A point upon the surface of a sphere equally distant from every part of the circumference of a great circle; or the point in which a diameter of the sphere perpendicular to the plane of such circle meets the surface. Such a point is called the pole of that circle; as, the
pole of the horizon; the
pole of the ecliptic; the
pole of a given meridian.
(Physics) One of the opposite or contrasted parts or directions in which a polar force is manifested; a point of maximum intensity of a force which has two such points, or which has polarity; as, the
poles of a magnet; the north
pole of a needle.
4. The firmament; the sky.
Shoots against the dusky pole.Milton.
(Geom.) See Polarity, and Polar,
Magnetic pole. See under Magnetic. --
Poles of the earth,
(Geog.), the two opposite points on the earth's surface through which its axis passes. --
Poles of the heavens,
Celestial poles, the two opposite points in the celestial sphere which coincide with the earth's axis produced, and about which the heavens appear to revolve.
Pole"axe`} (?), n. [OE. pollax; cf. OD. pollexe. See Poll head, and Ax.] Anciently, a kind of battle-ax with a long handle; later, an ax or hatchet with a short handle, and a head variously patterned; -- used by soldiers, and also by sailors in boarding a vessel.
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Sun 08th December 2019