Pine, n. [AS. pn, L. pinus.] 1. (Bot.) Any tree of the coniferous genus Pinus. See Pinus.
There are about twenty-eight species in the United States, of which the white pine (Pinus Strobus), the Georgia pine (Pinus australis), the red pine (Pinus resinosa), and the great West Coast sugar pine (Pinus Lambertiana) are among the most valuable. The Scotch pine or fir, also called
Riga pine (Pinus sylvestris), is the only British species. The nut pine is any pine tree, or species of pine, which bears large edible seeds. See Pinon.
The spruces, firs, larches, and true cedars, though formerly considered pines, are now commonly assigned to other genera.
2. The wood of the pine tree.
3. A pineapple.
(Bot.) See under Ground. --
Norfolk Island pine
(Bot.), a beautiful coniferous tree, the Araucaria excelsa. --
Pine barren, a tract of infertile land which is covered with pines.
[Southern U.S.] --
(Zol.), any beetle whose larv bore into pine trees. --
(Zol.) See Pinefinch, in the Vocabulary. --
(Zol.), a large grosbeak (Pinicola enucleator), which inhabits the northern parts of both hemispheres. The adult male is more or less tinged with red. --
(Zol.), a small, very active, mottled gray lizard (Sceloporus undulatus), native of the Middle States; -- called also
brown scorpion, and
(Zol.) (a) A European weasel (Mustela martes), called also
sweet marten, and
yellow-breasted marten. (b) The American sable. See Sable. --
(Zol.), any one of several species of small tortricid moths of the genus Retinia, whose larv burrow in the ends of the branchlets of pine trees, often doing great damage. --
(Zol.), an American wild mouse (Arvicola pinetorum), native of the Middle States. It lives in pine forests. --
(Bot.), one of the slender needle-shaped leaves of a pine tree. See Pinus. --
Pine-needle wool. See
Pine wool (below). --
Pine oil, an oil resembling turpentine, obtained from fir and pine trees, and used in making varnishes and colors. --
(Zol.), a large harmless North American snake (Pituophis melanoleucus). It is whitish, covered with brown blotches having black margins. Called also
bull snake. The Western pine snake (Pituophis Sayi) is chestnut-brown, mottled with black and orange. --
(Bot.), a tree of the genus Pinus; pine. --
Pine-tree money, money coined in Massachusetts in the seventeenth century, and so called from its bearing a figure of a pine tree. The most noted variety is the pine tree shilling. --
(Zol.), any one of numerous species of weevils whose larv bore in the wood of pine trees. Several species are known in both Europe and America, belonging to the genera Pissodes, Hylobius, etc. --
Pine wool, a fiber obtained from pine needles by steaming them. It is prepared on a large scale in some of the Southern United States, and has many uses in the economic arts; -- called also
pine-needle wool, and
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Thu 13th December 2018