Pheas"ant(?), n. [OE. fesant, fesaunt, OF. faisant, faisan, F. faisan, L. phasianus, Gr. (sc. ) the Phasian bird, pheasant, fr. a river in Colchis or Pontus.] 1. (Zol.) Any one of numerous species of large gallinaceous birds of the genus Phasianus, and many other genera of the family Phasianid, found chiefly in Asia.
English pheasant (Phasianus Colchicus) is now found over most of temperate Europe, but was introduced from Asia. The
ring-necked pheasant (Phasianus torquatus) and the
green pheasant (Phasianus versicolor) have been introduced into Oregon. The
golden pheasant (Thaumalea picta) is one of the most beautiful species. The
silver pheasant (Euplocamus nychthemerus) of China, and several related species from Southern Asia, are very beautiful.
(Zol.) The ruffed grouse.
Various other birds are locally called pheasants, as the lyre bird, the leipoa, etc.
Fireback pheasant. See Fireback. --
(Zol.), a Chinese pheasant (Thaumalea picta), having rich, varied colors. The crest is amber-colored, the rump is golden yellow, and the under parts are scarlet. --
(Zol.), the ruffed grouse.
[Local, U.S.] --
(Zol.), a large Australian cuckoo (Centropus phasianus). The general color is black, with chestnut wings and brown tail. Called also
pheasant cuckoo. The name is also applied to other allied species. --
(Zol.) (a) The pintail. (b) The hooded merganser. --
(Zol.), a large and beautiful Australian parrakeet (Platycercus Adelaidensis). The male has the back black, the feathers margined with yellowish blue and scarlet, the quills deep blue, the wing coverts and cheeks light blue, the crown, sides of the neck, breast, and middle of the belly scarlet. --
(Bot.) (a) A red-flowered herb (Adonis autumnalis) of the Crowfoot family; -- called also
pheasant's-eye Adonis. (b) The garden pink (Dianthus plumarius); -- called also
Pheasant's-eye pink. --
(Zol.), any marine univalve shell of the genus Phasianella, of which numerous species are found in tropical seas. The shell is smooth and usually richly colored, the colors often forming blotches like those of a pheasant. --
(Bot.) Same as
Partridge wood (a), under Partridge. --
(Zol.), the pintail. --
(Zol.) (a) The sheldrake. (b) The hooded merganser.
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Sat 15th December 2018