Overtake

O`ver*take"

(?), v. t. [imp. Overtook (?); p. p. Overtaken (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Overtaking.]
[1913 Webster]

1. To come up with in a race, pursuit, progress, or motion; also, to catch up with and move ahead of.
[1913 Webster +PJC]

Follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say . . . Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good.
Gen. xliv. 4.
[1913 Webster]

He had him overtaken in his flight.
Spenser.
[1913 Webster]

2. Hence: To surpass in production, achievement, etc.; as, although out of school for half a year due to illness, the student returned and overtook all the others to finish as valedictorian.
[PJC]

3. To come upon from behind; to discover; to surprise; to capture; to overcome.
[1913 Webster]

If a man be overtaken in a fault.
Gal. vi. 1
[1913 Webster]

I shall see
The winged vengeance overtake such children.
Shak.
[1913 Webster]

4. Hence, figuratively, in the past participle (overtaken), drunken. [Obs.] Holland.
[1913 Webster]

5. To frustrate or render impossible or irrelevant; -- used mostly of plans, and commonly in the phrase overtaken by events; as, their careful marketing plan was overtaken by events.
[PJC]

 

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Tue 11th December 2018