Of(v), prep. [AS. of of, from, off; akin to D. & OS. af, G. ab off, OHG. aba from, away, Icel., Dan., Sw., & Goth. af, L. ab, Gr. , Skr. apa. Cf. Off, A- (2), Ab-, After, Epi-.] In a general sense, from, or out from; proceeding from; belonging to; relating to; concerning; -- used in a variety of applications; as:
1. Denoting that from which anything proceeds; indicating origin, source, descent, and the like; as, he is
of a race of kings; he is
of noble blood.
That holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God.Luke i. 35.
I have received of the Lord that which also I delivered unto you.1 Cor. xi. 23.
2. Denoting possession or ownership, or the relation of subject to attribute; as, the apartment
of the consul: the power
of the king; a man
of courage; the gate
of heaven. "Poor of spirit."
3. Denoting the material of which anything is composed, or that which it contains; as, a throne
of gold; a sword
of steel; a wreath
of mist; a cup
4. Denoting part of an aggregate or whole; belonging to a number or quantity mentioned; out of; from amongst; as,
of this little he had some to spare; some
of the mines were unproductive; most
of the company.
It is of the Lord's mercies that we are not consumed.Lam. iii. 22.
It is a duty to communicate of those blessings we have received.Franklin.
5. Denoting that by which a person or thing is actuated or impelled; also, the source of a purpose or action; due to; as, they went
of their own will; no body can move
of itself; he did it
For it was of the Lord to harden their hearts.Josh. xi. 20.
6. Denoting reference to a thing; about; concerning; relating to; as, to boast
of one's achievements; they talked
of many things.
Knew you of this fair work?Shak.
7. Denoting nearness or distance, either in space or time; from; as, within a league
of the town; within an hour
of the appointed time.
8. Denoting identity or equivalence; -- used with a name or appellation, and equivalent to the relation of apposition; as, the continent
of America; the city
of Rome; the Island
9. Denoting the agent, or person by whom, or thing by which, anything is, or is done; by.
And told to her of [by] some.Chaucer.
He taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.Luke iv. 15.
[Jesus] being forty days tempted of the devil.Luke iv. 1, 2.
The use of the word in this sense, as applied to persons, is nearly obsolete.
10. Denoting relation to place or time; belonging to, or connected with; as, men
of Athens; the people
of the Middle Ages; in the days
11. Denoting passage from one state to another; from.
[Obs.] "O miserable of happy."
12. During; in the course of.
Not be seen to wink of all the day.Shak.
My custom always of the afternoon.Shak.
Of may be used in a subjective or an objective sense. "The love of God" may mean, our love for God, or God's love for us.
From is the primary sense of this preposition; a sense retained in off, the same word differently written for distinction. But this radical sense disappears in most of its application; as, a man of genius; a man of rare endowments; a fossil of a red color, or of an hexagonal figure; he lost all hope of relief; an affair of the cabinet; he is a man of decayed fortune; what is the price of corn? In these and similar phrases, of denotes property or possession, or a relation of some sort involving connection. These applications, however all proceeded from the same primary sense. That which proceeds from, or is produced by, a person or thing, either has had, or still has, a close connection with the same; and hence the word was applied to cases of mere connection, not involving at all the idea of separation.
Of consequence, of importance, value, or influence. --
Of late, recently; in time not long past. --
Of old, formerly; in time long past. --
Of one's self, by one's self; without help or prompting; spontaneously.
Why, knows not Montague, that of itselfShak.
England is safe, if true within itself?
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Wed 13th November 2019