Mu"tu*al(?), a. [F. mutuel, L. mutuus, orig., exchanged, borrowed, lent; akin to mutare to change. See Mutable.] 1. Reciprocally acting or related; reciprocally receiving and giving; reciprocally given and received; reciprocal; interchanged; as, a mutual love, advantage, assistance, aversion, etc.
Conspiracy and mutual promise.Sir T. More.
Happy in our mutual help,Milton.
And mutual love.
A certain shyness on such subjects, which was mutual between the sisters.G. Eliot.
2. Possessed, experienced, or done by two or more persons or things at the same time; common; joint; as,
mutual happiness; a
A vast accession of misery and woe from the mutual weeping, and wailing, and gnashing of teeth.Bentley.
This use of mutual as synonymous with common is inconsistent with the idea of interchange, or reciprocal relation, which properly belongs to it; but the word has been so used by many writers of high authority. The present tendency is toward a careful discrimination.
Mutual, as Johnson will tell us, means something reciprocal, a giving and taking. How could people have mutual ancestors?P. Harrison.
Mutual insurance, agreement among a number of persons to insure each other against loss, as by fire, death, or accident. --
Mutual insurance company, one which does a business of insurance on the mutual principle, the policy holders sharing losses and profits pro rata.
Syn. -- Reciprocal; interchanged; common.
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Thu 21st November 2019