Mold

Mold

(?), n. [See Mole a spot.] A spot; a blemish; a mole. [Obs.] Spenser.
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{

Mold

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Mould

} (?), n. [OE. molde, AS. molde; akin to D. mul, G. mull, mulm, OHG. molt, molta, Icel. mold, Dan. muld, Sw. mull, Goth. mulda, and E. meal flour. See Meal, and cf. Mole an animal, Mull, v.]
[The prevalent spelling is, perhaps, mould; but as the u has not been inserted in the other words of this class, as bold, gold, old, cold, etc., it seems desirable to complete the analogy by dropping it from this word, thus spelling it as Spenser, South, and many others did. The omission of the u is now very common in America.]
1. Crumbling, soft, friable earth; esp., earth containing the remains or constituents of organic matter, and suited to the growth of plants; soil.
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2. Earthy material; the matter of which anything is formed; composing substance; material.
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The etherial mold,
Incapable of stain.
Milton.
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Nature formed me of her softest mold.
Addison.
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{

Mold

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Mould

} (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Molded or Moulded; p. pr. & vb. n. Molding or Moulding.] To cover with mold or soil. [R.]
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{

Mold

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Mould

, } n. [From the p. p. of OE. moulen to become moldy, to rot, prob. fr. Icel. mygla to grow musty, mugga mugginess; cf. Sw. mgla to grow moldy. See Muggy, and cf. Moldy.] (Bot.) A growth of minute fungi of various kinds, esp. those of the great groups Hyphomycetes, and Physomycetes, forming on damp or decaying organic matter.
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The common blue mold of cheese, the brick-red cheese mold, and the scarlet or orange strata which grow on tubers or roots stored up for use, when commencing to decay, are familiar examples. M. J. Berkley.
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{

Mold

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Mould

, } v. t. To cause to become moldy; to cause mold to grow upon.
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{

Mold

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Mould

, } v. i. To become moldy; to be covered or filled, in whole or in part, with a mold.
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{

Mold

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Mould

, } n. [OE. molde, OF. mole, F. moule, fr. L. modulus. See Model.]
[For spelling, see 2d Mold, above.]
1. The matrix, or cavity, in which anything is shaped, and from which it takes its form; also, the body or mass containing the cavity; as, a sand mold; a jelly mold. Milton.
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2. That on which, or in accordance with which, anything is modeled or formed; anything which serves to regulate the size, form, etc., as the pattern or templet used by a shipbuilder, carpenter, or mason.
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The glass of fashion and the mold of form.
Shak.
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3. Cast; form; shape; character.
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Crowned with an architrave of antique mold.
Pope.
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4. (Arch.) A group of moldings; as, the arch mold of a porch or doorway; the pier mold of a Gothic pier, meaning the whole profile, section, or combination of parts.
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5. (Anat.) A fontanel.
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6. (Paper Making) A frame with a wire cloth bottom, on which the pump is drained to form a sheet, in making paper by hand.
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{

Mold

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Mould

, } v. t. [Cf. F. mouler, OF. moler, moller. See Mold the matrix.] 1. To form into a particular shape; to shape; to model; to fashion.
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He forgeth and moldeth metals.
Sir M. Hale.
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Did I request thee, Maker, from my clay
To mold me man?
Milton.
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2. To ornament by molding or carving the material of; as, a molded window jamb.
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3. To knead; as, to mold dough or bread.
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4. (Founding) To form a mold of, as in sand, in which a casting may be made.
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{

Mold"a*ble

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Mould"a*ble

} (?), a. Capable of being molded or formed.
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{

Mold"board`

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Mould"board`

} (?), n. 1. A curved plate of iron (originally of wood) back of the share of a plow, which turns over the earth in plowing.
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2. (Founding) A follow board.
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{

Mold"er

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Mould"er

} (?), n. One who, or that which, molds or forms into shape; specifically (Founding), one skilled in the art of making molds for castings.
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{

Mold"er

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Mould"er

, } v. i. [imp. & p. p. Moldered (?) or Mouldered; p. pr. & vb. n. Moldering or Mouldering.] [From Mold fine soft earth: cf. Prov. G. multern.] To crumble into small particles; to turn to dust by natural decay; to lose form, or waste away, by a gradual separation of the component particles, without the presence of water; to crumble away.
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The moldering of earth in frosts and sun.
Bacon.
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When statues molder, and when arches fall.
Prior.
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If he had sat still, the enemy's army would have moldered to nothing.
Clarendon.
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{

Mold"er

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Mould"er

, } v. t. To turn to dust; to cause to crumble; to cause to waste away.
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[Time's] gradual touch
Has moldered into beauty many a tower.
Mason.
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{

Mold"er*y

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Mould"er*y

} (?), a. Covered or filled with mold; consisting of, or resembling, mold.
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{

Mold"i*ness

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Mould"i*ness

} (?), n. [From Moldy.] The state of being moldy.
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{

Mold"ing

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Mould"ing

, } n. 1. The act or process of shaping in or on a mold, or of making molds; the art or occupation of a molder.
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2. Anything cast in a mold, or which appears to be so, as grooved or ornamental bars of wood or metal, or sculptures. [wns=1]
Syn. -- mold, mould, molding, modeling, clay sculpture.
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3. (Arch.) A plane, or curved, narrow surface, either sunk or projecting, used for decoration by means of the lights and shades upon its surface. Moldings vary greatly in pattern, and are generally used in groups, the different members of each group projecting or retreating, one beyond another. See Cable, n., 3, and Crenelated molding, under Crenelate, v. t. [wns=2]
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4. Especially: a decorative strip used for ornamentation or finishing. [wns=3]
Syn. -- moolding.
[WordNet 1.5]

5. a preliminary sculpture in wax or clay from which a finished work can be copied. [wns=5]
Syn. -- modeling, moulding.
[WordNet 1.5]

{

Mold"ing

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Mould"ing

, } p. a. Used in making a mold or moldings; used in shaping anything according to a pattern.
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Molding board or Moulding board. (a) See Follow board, under Follow, v. t. (b) A board on which bread or pastry is kneaded and shaped. -- Molding machine or Moulding machine. (a) (Woodworking) A planing machine for making moldings. (b) (Founding) A machine to assist in making molds for castings. -- Molding mill or Moulding mill, a mill for shaping timber. -- Molding sand or Moulding sand (Founding), a kind of sand containing clay, used in making molds.
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{

Mold"warp

,

Mould"warp

} (?), n. [OE. moldwerp: AS. molde soil + weorpan to throw up; cf. OD. molworp, G. maulwurf, Icel. moldvarpa, Dan. muldvarp. See Mold soil, Warp, and cf. Mole the animal.] (Zol.) See Mole the animal. Spenser.
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{

Mold"y

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Mould"y

} (?), a. [Compar. Moldier (?) or Mouldier; superl. Moldiest or Mouldiest.] [From Mold the growth of fungi.] Overgrown with, or containing, mold; smelling of mold; as, moldy cheese or bread.
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