Legislature

Leg"is*la`ture

(lj"s*l`tr; 135), n. [Cf. F. lgislature.] The body of persons in a state or kingdom invested with power to make and repeal laws; a legislative body.
[1913 Webster]

Without the concurrent consent of all three parts of the legislature, no law is, or can be, made.
Sir M. Hale.
[1913 Webster]

The legislature of Great Britain consists of the Lords and Commons, with the king or queen, whose sanction is necessary to every bill before it becomes a law. The legislatures of most of the United States consist of two houses or branches; but the sanction or consent of the governor is required to give their acts the force of law, or a concurrence of two thirds of the two houses after he has refused his sanction and assigned his objections.
[1913 Webster]

The legislatures of some of the more important states having constitutional government are as follows, the general name (or a translation of it) of the legislative body collectively being given under the heading legislature, or parliament:

 StateLegislature, or parliamentUpper HouseNameNumber of members -- how chosen or composed -- term of officeLower HouseNameNumber of members -- suffrage -- term of office
 -----------------------------------------------------------------
 ArgentinaNational CongressSenate30 -- 2 from each provincew and 2 from capital -- 9 yearsHouse of Deputies120  (1 to 33,000) -- Manhood -- 4 years
 AustriaReichsrath
 BelgiumThe Chambers
 BrazilNational Congress
 ChileNational Congress
 DenmarkRigsdag
 FranceNational Assembly
 German EmpireImperial legislature
 *Great BritainParliamentHouse of LordsAbout 600House of CommonsAbout 670 -- 7 years, or until dissolution
 Greece
 HungaryOrzg-gyls
 ItalyParliament
 JapanImperial Diet
 MexicoCongress
 NetherlandsStates-General
 #NorwayStorthing
 PortugalCortes Geraes (general Assembly)
 PrussiaLandtagHerrenhausNo limit -- very various classes -- For different termsAbgeordnetenhaus433 -- Indirect election, general suffrage -- 5 years, or until dissolution
 SpainCortes
 SwedenDiet
 SwitzerlandBundesversammlung
 United StatesCongressSenate92(1908) -- 6 yearsHouse of Representatives391 (1908) -- 2 years.
 
---------------------------------------------------------------- *In the self-governing colonies of Great Britain the legislative body usually consists of two chambers, the names of the legislature and the chambers varying. Thus in Australia the Federal Parliament is composed of the Senate and the House of Commons, in New Zealand the General Assembly is composed of the Legislative Council and the House of Representatives, etc.

#Members of the Storthing are chosen for three years by direct election by manhood suffrage, forty-one being elected from the towns and eighty-two from the rural districts. The Storthing on assembling divides into the Lagthing including one fourth and the Odelsthing including three fourths of the total membership of the Storthing. All new laws are laid first before the Odelsthing. If the two houses do not agree they vote in joint session, a majority of two thirds of those voting being necessary to a decision.

While theoretically general, the suffrage is so classified as often practically to disfranchise those who are not property holders.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

 

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Sun 09th December 2018