kurchatoviumn. [From Igor Kurchatov, a Russian scientist who worked on the atomic bomb.] A transuranic element of atomic number 104, symbol Ku; also called rutherfordium, symbol Rf. It is produced in very small quantities by nuclear reactions. In November 1993 the nomenclature committe of the American Chemical Society approved the name rutherfordium for element 104. Russsian investigators who claim to have first discovered element 104, isotope 260 (half-life 0.3 seconds) in 1964 at Dubna proposed the name kurchatovium. However, investigators at Berkely in 1969 produced several isotopes of element 104 but were unable to produce isotope 260; they reported finding isotope 257, with a half-life of 4-5 seconds, isotope 259 with a half-life of 3-4 seconds, and isotope 258 with a shorter half-life.
Syn. -- rutherfordium, Rf, Ku, unnilquadium, Unq, element 104, atomic number 104.
[WordNet 1.5 +PJC]
kurchin. A tropical Asian tree (Holarrhena antidysenterica syn. Holarrhena pubescens) with hard white wood and bark formerly used as a remedy for dysentery and diarrhea.
Syn. -- ivory tree, conessi, kurchee, Holarrhena pubescens, Holarrhena antidysenterica.
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Fri 14th December 2018