Kermes

Ker"mes

(?), n. [Ar. & Per. girmiz. See Crimson, and cf. Alkermes.] 1. (Zol.) The dried bodies of the females of a scale insect (Kermes ilices formerly Coccus ilicis), allied to the cochineal insect, and found on several species of oak near the Mediterranean; also, the dye obtained from them. They are round, about the size of a pea, contain coloring matter analogous to carmine, and are used in dyeing. They were anciently thought to be of a vegetable nature, and were used in medicine.
[Written also chermes.]

[1913 Webster]

2. (Bot.) A small European evergreen oak (Quercus coccifera) on which the kermes insect (Kermes ilices, formerly Coccus ilicis) feeds. J. Smith (Dict. Econ. Plants).
[1913 Webster]

3. (Zol.) [NL.] A genus of scale insects including many species that feed on oaks. The adult female resembles a small gall.
[Webster 1913 Suppl.]

Kermes mineral. (a) (Old Chem.) An artificial amorphous trisulphide of antimony; -- so called on account of its red color. (b) (Med. Chem.) A compound of the trioxide and trisulphide of antimony, used in medicine. This substance occurs in nature as the mineral kermesite.
[1913 Webster]

 

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Mon 10th December 2018