Je*ru"sa*lem(j*r"s*lm), n. [Gr. 'Ieroysalh`m, fr. Heb. Yrshlaim.] The chief city of Palestine, intimately associated with the glory of the Jewish nation, and the life and death of Jesus Christ.
Jerusalem artichoke [Perh. a corrupt. of It.
i.e., sunflower, or turnsole. See Gyre, Solar.]
(Bot.) (a) An American plant, a perennial species of sunflower (Helianthus tuberosus), whose tubers are sometimes used as food. (b) One of the tubers themselves. --
(Bot.), the popular name of either of two species of Solanum (Solanum Pseudo-capsicum and Solanum capsicastrum), cultivated as ornamental house plants. They bear bright red berries of about the size of cherries. --
(Bot.), an aromatic goosefoot (Chenopodium Botrys), common about houses and along roadsides. --
(Bot.), a perennial herb of the Mint family (Phlomis tuberosa). --
(Bot.), a spiny, leguminous tree (Parkinsonia aculeata), widely dispersed in warm countries, and used for hedges. --
The New Jerusalem, Heaven; the Celestial City.
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Wed 20th November 2019