Instrumental

In`stru*men"tal

(?), a. [Cf. F. instrumental.]
[1913 Webster]

1. Acting as an instrument; serving as a means; contributing to promote; conductive; helpful; serviceable; as, he was instrumental in conducting the business.
[1913 Webster]

The head is not more native to the heart,
The hand more instrumental to the mouth.
Shak.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Mus.) Pertaining to, made by, or prepared for, an instrument, esp. a musical instrument; as, instrumental music, distinguished from vocal music. "He defended the use of instrumental music in public worship." Macaulay.
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Sweet voices mix'd with instrumental sounds.
Dryden.
[1913 Webster]

3. (Gram.) Applied to a case expressing means or agency; as, the instrumental case. This is found in Sanskrit and Russian as a separate case, but in Greek it was merged into the dative, and in Latin into the ablative. In Old English it was a separate case, but has disappeared, leaving only a few anomalous forms.
[1913 Webster]

Instrumental errors, those errors in instrumental measurements, etc., which arise, exclusively from lack of mathematical accuracy in an instrument.
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Mon 10th December 2018