In`sti*tu"tion(?), n. [L. institutio: cf. F. institution.]
1. The act or process of instituting; as: (a) Establishment; foundation; enactment; as, the
institution of a school.
The institution of God's law is described as being established by solemn injunction.Hooker.
(b) Instruction; education.
(Eccl. Law) The act or ceremony of investing a clergyman with the spiritual part of a benefice, by which the care of souls is committed to his charge.
2. That which instituted or established; as: (a) Established order, method, or custom; enactment; ordinance; permanent form of law or polity.
The nature of our people,Shak.
Our city's institutions.
(b) An established or organized society or corporation; an establishment, especially of a public character, or affecting a community; a foundation; as, a literary
institution; a charitable
institution; also, a building or the buildings occupied or used by such organization; as, the Smithsonian
Institution. (c) Anything forming a characteristic and persistent feature in social or national life or habits.
We ordered a lunch (the most delightful of English institutions, next to dinner) to be ready against our return.Hawthorne.
3. That which institutes or instructs; a textbook; a system of elements or rules; an institute.
There is another manuscript, of above three hundred years old, . . . being an institution of physic.Evelyn.
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