Ideology

I`de*ol"o*gy

(?), n. [Ideo- + -logy: cf. F. idologie.] 1. The science of ideas. Stewart.
[1913 Webster]

2. (Metaph.) A theory of the origin of ideas which derives them exclusively from sensation.
[1913 Webster]

By a double blunder in philosophy and Greek, idologie . . . has in France become the name peculiarly distinctive of that philosophy of mind which exclusively derives our knowledge from sensation. Sir W. Hamilton.

3. A set or system of theories and beliefs held by an individual or group, especially about sociopolitical goals and methods to attain them; in common usage, ideology is such a set of beliefs so strongly held by their adherents as to cause them to ignore evidence against such beliefs, and thus fall into error -- in this sense it is viewed as a negative trait; contrasted to pragmatism, and distinct from idealism.
[PJC]

 

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Tue 18th December 2018