Hy*per"bo*le(?), n. [L., fr. Gr, prop., an overshooting, excess, fr. Gr. to throw over or beyond; "ype`r over + to throw. See Hyper-, Parable, and cf. Hyperbola.] (Rhet.) A figure of speech in which the expression is an evident exaggeration of the meaning intended to be conveyed, or by which things are represented as much greater or less, better or worse, than they really are; a statement exaggerated fancifully, through excitement, or for effect.
Our common forms of compliment are almost all of them extravagant hyperboles.Blair.
Somebody has said of the boldest figure in rhetoric, the hyperbole, that it lies without deceiving.Macaulay.
Hy`per*bol"ic*al(?), } a. [L. hyperbolicus, Gr. : cf. F. hyperbolique.] 1. (Math.) Belonging to the hyperbola; having the nature of the hyperbola.
(Rhet.) Relating to, containing, or of the nature of, hyperbole; exaggerating or diminishing beyond the fact; exceeding the truth; as, an
hyperbolical expression. "This hyperbolical epitaph."
(Math.), certain functions which have relations to the hyperbola corresponding to those which sines, cosines, tangents, etc., have to the circle; and hence, called hyperbolic sines, hyperbolic cosines, etc. --
Hyperbolic logarithm. See Logarithm. --
(Math.), a spiral curve, the law of which is, that the distance from the pole to the generating point varies inversely as the angle swept over by the radius vector.
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