Fen"nel(fn"nl), n. [AS. fenol, finol, from L. feniculum, faeniculum, dim. of fenum, faenum, hay: cf. F. fenouil. Cf. Fenugreek. Finochio.] (Bot.) A perennial plant of the genus Fniculum (Fniculum vulgare), having very finely divided leaves. It is cultivated in gardens for the agreeable aromatic flavor of its seeds.
Smell of sweetest fennel.Milton.
A sprig of fennel was in fact the theological smelling bottle of the tender sex.S. G. Goodrich.
Sweet fennel, (Fniculum dulce). It is a smaller and stouter plant than the common fennel, and is used as a pot herb. --
Dog's fennel (Anthemis Cotula), a foul-smelling European weed; -- called also
(Bot.), an herb (Nigella) of the Buttercup family, having leaves finely divided, like those of the fennel. Nigella Damascena is common in gardens. Nigella sativa furnishes the fennel seed, used as a condiment, etc., in India. These seeds are the "fitches" mentioned in Isaiah (xxviii. 25). --
(Med.), the distilled water of fennel seed. It is stimulant and carminative. --
Giant fennel (Ferula communis), has stems full of pith, which, it is said, were used to carry fire, first, by Prometheus. --
Hog's fennel, a European plant (Peucedanum officinale) looking something like fennel.
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Fri 14th December 2018