Family

Fam"i*ly

(?), n.;
pl. Families (#).
[L. familia, fr. famulus servant; akin to Oscan famel servant, cf. faamat he dwells, Skr. dhman house, fr. dhto set, make, do: cf. F. famille. Cf. Do, v. t., Doom, Fact, Feat.] 1. The collective body of persons who live in one house, and under one head or manager; a household, including parents, children, and servants, and, as the case may be, lodgers or boarders.
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2. The group comprising a husband and wife and their dependent children, constituting a fundamental unit in the organization of society.
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The welfare of the family underlies the welfare of society.
H. Spencer.
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3. Those who descend from one common progenitor; a tribe, clan, or race; kindred; house; as, the human family; the family of Abraham; the father of a family.
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Go ! and pretend your family is young.
Pope.
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4. Course of descent; genealogy; line of ancestors; lineage.
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5. Honorable descent; noble or respectable stock; as, a man of family.
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6. A group of kindred or closely related individuals; as, a family of languages; a family of States; the chlorine family.
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7. (Biol.) A group of organisms, either animal or vegetable, related by certain points of resemblance in structure or development, more comprehensive than a genus, because it is usually based on fewer or less pronounced points of likeness. In zology a family is less comprehesive than an order; in botany it is often considered the same thing as an order.
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Family circle. See under Circle. -- Family man. (a) A man who has a family; esp., one who has a wife and children living with him and dependent upon him. (b) A man of domestic habits. "The Jews are generally, when married, most exemplary family men." Mayhew. -- Family of curves or Family of surfaces (Geom.), a group of curves or surfaces derived from a single equation. -- In a family way, like one belonging to the family. "Why don't we ask him and his ladies to come over in a family way, and dine with some other plain country gentlefolks?" Thackeray. -- In the family way, pregnant. [Colloq. euphemism]
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Tue 18th December 2018