Ex*cess"(?), n. [OE. exces, excess, ecstasy, L. excessus a going out, loss of self-possession, fr. excedere, excessum, to go out, go beyond: cf. F. excs. See Exceed.] 1. The state of surpassing or going beyond limits; the being of a measure beyond sufficiency, necessity, or duty; that which exceeds what is usual or proper; immoderateness; superfluity; superabundance; extravagance; as, an excess of provisions or of light.
To gild refined gold, to paint the lily,Shak.
To throw a perfume on the violet, . . .
Is wasteful and ridiculous excess.
That kills me with excess of grief, this with excess of joy.Walsh.
2. An undue indulgence of the appetite; transgression of proper moderation in natural gratifications; intemperance; dissipation.
Be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess.Eph. v. 18.
Thy desire . . . leads to no excessMilton.
That reaches blame.
3. The degree or amount by which one thing or number exceeds another; remainder; as, the difference between two numbers is the
excess of one over the other.
(Geom.), the amount by which the sum of the three angles of a spherical triangle exceeds two right angles. The spherical excess is proportional to the area of the triangle.
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Tue 11th December 2018