Excess

Ex*cess"

(?), n. [OE. exces, excess, ecstasy, L. excessus a going out, loss of self-possession, fr. excedere, excessum, to go out, go beyond: cf. F. excs. See Exceed.] 1. The state of surpassing or going beyond limits; the being of a measure beyond sufficiency, necessity, or duty; that which exceeds what is usual or proper; immoderateness; superfluity; superabundance; extravagance; as, an excess of provisions or of light.
[1913 Webster]

To gild refined gold, to paint the lily,
To throw a perfume on the violet, . . .
Is wasteful and ridiculous excess.
Shak.
[1913 Webster]

That kills me with excess of grief, this with excess of joy.
Walsh.
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2. An undue indulgence of the appetite; transgression of proper moderation in natural gratifications; intemperance; dissipation.
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Be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess.
Eph. v. 18.
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Thy desire . . . leads to no excess
That reaches blame.
Milton.
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3. The degree or amount by which one thing or number exceeds another; remainder; as, the difference between two numbers is the excess of one over the other.
[1913 Webster]

Spherical excess (Geom.), the amount by which the sum of the three angles of a spherical triangle exceeds two right angles. The spherical excess is proportional to the area of the triangle.
[1913 Webster]

 

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Tue 11th December 2018