Depression

De*pres"sion

(?), n. [L. depressio: cf. F. dpression.] 1. The act of depressing.
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2. The state of being depressed; a sinking.
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3. A falling in of the surface; a sinking below its true place; a cavity or hollow; as, roughness consists in little protuberances and depressions.
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4. Humiliation; abasement, as of pride.
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5. Dejection; despondency; lowness.
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In a great depression of spirit.
Baker.
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6. Diminution, as of trade, etc.; inactivity; dullness.
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7. (Astron.) The angular distance of a celestial object below the horizon.
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8. (Math.) The operation of reducing to a lower degree; -- said of equations.
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9. (Surg.) A method of operating for cataract; couching. See Couch, v. t., 8.
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Angle of depression (Geod.), one which a descending line makes with a horizontal plane. -- Depression of the dewpoint (Meteor.), the number of degrees that the dew-point is lower than the actual temperature of the atmosphere. -- Depression of the pole, its apparent sinking, as the spectator goes toward the equator. -- Depression of the visible horizon. (Astron.) Same as Dip of the horizon, under Dip.

Syn. -- Abasement; reduction; sinking; fall; humiliation; dejection; melancholy.
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Tue 18th December 2018