Cyn`e*get"ics(sn`*jt"ks), n. [Gr. kynhgetikh` (sc. te`chnh art), fr. kynhge`ths hunter; ky`wn, kyno`s, dog + to lead.] The art of hunting with dogs.
Cyn"ic*al(-*kl), } a. [L. cynicus of the sect of Cynics, fr. Gr. kyniko`s, prop., dog-like, fr. ky`wn, kyno`s, dog. See Hound.] 1. Having the qualities of a surly dog; snarling; captious; currish.
I hope it is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations where no benefit has been received.Johnson.
2. Pertaining to the Dog Star; as, the
cynic, or Sothic, year;
3. Belonging to the sect of philosophers called cynics; having the qualities of a cynic; pertaining to, or resembling, the doctrines of the cynics.
4. Given to sneering at rectitude and the conduct of life by moral principles; believing the worst of human nature and motives; disbelieving in the reality of any human purposes which are not suggested or directed by self-interest or self-indulgence; having a sneering disbelief in the selflessness of others; as, a
cynical man who scoffs at pretensions of integrity; characterized by such opinions; as,
cynical views of human nature.
Syn. -- misanthropic, misanthropical.
In prose, cynical is used rather than cynic, in the senses 1 and 4.
(Med.), a convulsive contraction of the muscles of one side of the face, producing a sort of grin, suggesting certain movements in the upper lip of a dog.
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Wed 20th March 2019