(kn*vk"shn), n. [L. convictio proof: cf. F. conviction conviction (in sense 3 & 4). See Convict, Convince.] 1. The act of convicting; the act of proving, finding, or adjudging, guilty of an offense.
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The greater certainty of conviction and the greater certainty of punishment.
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2. (Law) A judgment of condemnation entered by a court having jurisdiction; the act or process of finding guilty, or the state of being found guilty of any crime by a legal tribunal.
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Conviction may accrue two ways.
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3. The act of convincing of error, or of compelling the admission of a truth; confutation.
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For all his tedious talk is but vain boast,
Or subtle shifts conviction to evade.
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4. The state of being convinced or convicted; strong persuasion or belief; especially, the state of being convicted of sin, or by one's conscience.
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To call good evil, and evil good, against the conviction of their own consciences.
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And did you presently fall under the power of this conviction?

Syn. -- Conviction; persuasion. -- Conviction respects soley matters of belief or faith; persuasion respects matters of belief or practice. Conviction respects our most important duties; persuasion is frequently applied to matters of indifference. Crabb. -- Conviction is the result of the [operation of the] understanding; persuasion, of the will. Conviction is a necessity of the mind, persuasion an acquiescence of the inclination. C. J. Smith. -- Persuasion often induces men to act in opposition to their conviction of duty.
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Wed 27th January 2021