(?), n. [L. congregatio: cf. F. congrgation.] 1. The act of congregating, or bringing together, or of collecting into one aggregate or mass.
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The means of reduction in the fire is but by the congregation of homogeneal parts.
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2. A collection or mass of separate things.
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A foul and pestilent congregation of vapors.
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3. An assembly of persons; a gathering; esp. an assembly of persons met for the worship of God, and for religious instruction; a body of people who habitually so meet.
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He [Bunyan] rode every year to London, and preached there to large and attentive congregations.
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4. (Anc. Jewish Hist.) The whole body of the Jewish people; -- called also Congregation of the Lord.
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It is a sin offering for the congregation.
Lev. iv. 21.
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5. (R. C. Ch.) (a) A body of cardinals or other ecclesiastics to whom as intrusted some department of the church business; as, the Congregation of the Propaganda, which has charge of the missions of the Roman Catholic Church. (b) A company of religious persons forming a subdivision of a monastic order.
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6. The assemblage of Masters and Doctors at Oxford or Cambrige University, mainly for the granting of degrees. [Eng.]
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7. (Scotch Church Hist.) the name assumed by the Protestant party under John Knox. The leaders called themselves (1557) Lords of the Congregation.
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Thu 14th November 2019