Cognizance

Cog"ni*zance

(? ?; 277), n. [OF. conissance, conoissance, F. connaissance, LL. cognoscentia, fr. L. cognoscere to know. See Cognition, and cf. Cognoscence, Connoisseur.] 1. Apprehension by the understanding; perception; observation.
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Within the cognizance and lying under the control of their divine Governor.
Bp. Hurd
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2. Recollection; recognition.
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Who, soon as on that knight his eye did glance,
Eftsoones of him had perfect cognizance.
Spenser.
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3. (Law) (a) Jurisdiction, or the power given by law to hear and decide controversies. (b) The hearing a matter judicially. (c) An acknowledgment of a fine of lands and tenements or confession of a thing done. [Eng.] (d) A form of defense in the action of replevin, by which the defendant insists that the goods were lawfully taken, as a distress, by defendant, acting as servant for another. [Eng.] Cowell. Mozley & W.
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4. The distinguishing mark worn by an armed knight, usually upon the helmet, and by his retainers and followers: Hence, in general, a badge worn by a retainer or dependent, to indicate the person or party to which he belonged; a token by which a thing may be known.
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Wearing the liveries and cognizance of their master.
Prescott.
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This pale and angry rose,
As cognizance of my blood-drinking hate.
Shak.
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Wed 12th December 2018