Cleav"age(?), n. 1. The act of cleaving or splitting.
(Crystallog.) The quality possessed by many crystallized substances of splitting readily in one or more definite directions, in which the cohesive attraction is a minimum, affording more or less smooth surfaces; the direction of the dividing plane; a fragment obtained by cleaving, as of a diamond. See Parting.
(Geol.) Division into lamin, like slate, with the lamination not necessarily parallel to the plane of deposition; -- usually produced by pressure.
Basal cleavage, cleavage parallel to the base of a crystal, or to the plane of the lateral axes. --
(Biol.), multiplication of cells by fission. See Segmentation. --
Cubic cleavage, cleavage parallel to the faces of a cube. --
Diagonal cleavage, cleavage parallel to ta diagonal plane. --
(Biol.) See Segmentation. --
Lateral cleavage, cleavage parallel to the lateral planes. --
Rhombohedral cleavage, cleavage parallel to the faces of an octahedron, dodecahedron, or rhombohedron. --
Prismatic cleavage, cleavage parallel to a vertical prism.
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Tue 07th April 2020