Carmine

Car"mine

(?), n. [F. carmin (cf. Sp. carmin, It. carminio), contr. from LL. carmesinus purple color. See Crimson.] 1. A rich red or crimson color with a shade of purple.
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2. A beautiful pigment, or a lake, of this color, prepared from cochineal, and used in miniature painting.
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3. (Chem.) The essential coloring principle of cochineal, extracted as a purple-red amorphous mass. It is a glucoside and possesses acid properties; -- hence called also carminic acid.
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Carmine red (Chem.), a coloring matter obtained from carmine as a purple-red substance, and probably allied to the phthalens.
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Sun 09th December 2018