capital

cap"i*tal

(kp"*tl), n. [Cf. L. capitellum and capitulum, a small head, the head, top, or capital of a column, dim. of caput head; F. chapiteau, OF. capitel. See chief, and cf. cattle, chattel, chapiter, chapter.] 1. (Arch.) The head or uppermost member of a column, pilaster, etc. It consists generally of three parts, abacus, bell (or vase), and necking. See these terms, and Column.
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2. [Cf. F. capilate, fem., sc. ville.] (Geog.) The seat of government; the chief city or town in a country; a metropolis. "A busy and splendid capital" Macauly.
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3. [Cf. F. capital.] Money, property, or stock employed in trade, manufactures, etc.; the sum invested or lent, as distinguished from the income or interest. See Capital stock, under Capital, a.
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4. (Polit. Econ.) That portion of the produce of industry, which may be directly employed either to support human beings or to assist in production. M'Culloch.
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When wealth is used to assist production it is called capital. The capital of a civilized community includes fixed capital (i.e. buildings, machines, and roads used in the course of production and exchange) and circulating capital (i.e., food, fuel, money, etc., spent in the course of production and exchange). T. Raleigh.
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5. Anything which can be used to increase one's power or influence.
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He tried to make capital out of his rival's discomfiture.
London Times.
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6. (Fort.) An imaginary line dividing a bastion, ravelin, or other work, into two equal parts.
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7. A chapter, or section, of a book. [Obs.]
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Holy St. Bernard hath said in the 59th capital.
Sir W. Scott.
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8. (Print.) See Capital letter, under Capital, a.
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Active capital. See under Active, -- Small capital (Print.), a small capital letter; informally referred to (in the plural) as small caps; as, the technical terms are listed in small caps. See under Capital, a. -- To live on one's capital, to consume one's capital without producing or accumulating anything to replace it.
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Tue 18th December 2018