Capacity

Ca*pac"i*ty

(k*ps"*t), n.;
pl. Capacities (-tz).
[L. capacitus, fr. capax, capacis; fr. F. capacit. See Capacious.] 1. The power of receiving or containing; extent of room or space; passive power; -- used in reference to physical things.
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Had our great palace the capacity
To camp this host, we all would sup together.
Shak.
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The capacity of the exhausted cylinder.
Boyle.
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2. The power of receiving and holding ideas, knowledge, etc.; the comprehensiveness of the mind; the receptive faculty; capability of understanding or feeling.
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Capacity is now properly limited to these [the mere passive operations of the mind]; its primary signification, which is literally room for, as well as its employment, favors this; although it can not be denied that there are examples of its usage in an active sense.
Sir W. Hamilton.
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3. Ability; power pertaining to, or resulting from, the possession of strength, wealth, or talent; possibility of being or of doing.
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The capacity of blessing the people.
Alex. Hamilton.
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A cause with such capacities endued.
Blackmore.
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4. Outward condition or circumstances; occupation; profession; character; position; as, to work in the capacity of a mason or a carpenter.
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5. (Law) Legal or moral qualification, as of age, residence, character, etc., necessary for certain purposes, as for holding office, for marrying, for making contracts, wills, etc.; legal power or right; competency.
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Capacity for heat, the power of absorbing heat. Substances differ in the amount of heat requisite to raise them a given number of thermometric degrees, and this difference is the measure of, or depends upon, what is called their capacity for heat. See Specific heat, under Heat.

Syn. -- Ability; faculty; talent; capability; skill; efficiency; cleverness. See Ability.
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Tue 18th December 2018