Can"on*ess(?), n. [Cf. LL. canonissa.] A woman who holds a canonry in a conventual chapter.
Regular canoness, one bound by the vow of poverty, and observing a strict rule of life. --
Secular canoness, one allowed to hold private property, and bound only by vows of chastity and obedience so long as she chose to remain in the chapter.
ca*non"ic*al(k*nn"*kl), } a. [L. canonicus, LL. canonicalis, fr. L. canon: cf. F. canonique. See canon.] Of or pertaining to a canon; established by, or according to, a canon or canons. "The oath of canonical obedience." Hallam.
2. Appearing in a Biblical canon; as, a
canonical book of the Christian New Testament.
3. Accepted as authoritative; recognized.
(Math.) In its standard form, usually also the simplest form; -- of an equation or coordinate.
(Linguistics) Reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality; as, a
canonical syllable pattern. Opposite of
Syn. -- standard. [WordNet 1.5]
6. Pertaining to or resembling a musical canon.
Canonical Scriptures, those books which are declared by the canons of the church to be of divine inspiration; -- called collectively
the canon. The Roman Catholic Church holds as canonical several books which Protestants reject as apocryphal. --
Canonical epistles, an appellation given to the epistles called also general or catholic. See
Catholic epistles, under Canholic. --
(Math.), the simples or most symmetrical form to which all functions of the same class can be reduced without lose of generality. --
Canonical hours, certain stated times of the day, fixed by ecclesiastical laws, and appropriated to the offices of prayer and devotion; also, certain portions of the Breviary, to be used at stated hours of the day. In England, this name is also given to the hours from 8
a. m. to 3
p. m. (formerly 8
a. m. to 12
m.) before and after which marriage can not be legally performed in any parish church. --
Canonical letters, letters of several kinds, formerly given by a bishop to traveling clergymen or laymen, to show that they were entitled to receive the communion, and to distinguish them from heretics. --
Canonical life, the method or rule of living prescribed by the ancient clergy who lived in community; a course of living prescribed for the clergy, less rigid than the monastic, and more restrained that the secular. --
Canonical obedience, submission to the canons of a church, especially the submission of the inferior clergy to their bishops, and of other religious orders to their superiors. --
Canonical punishments, such as the church may inflict, as excommunication, degradation, penance, etc. --
(Anc. Church.), those for which capital punishment or public penance decreed by the canon was inflicted, as idolatry, murder, adultery, heresy.
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Sat 15th December 2018