canon

can"on

(kn"n), n. [OE. canon, canoun, AS. canon rule (cf. F. canon, LL. canon, and, for sense 7, F. chanoine, LL. canonicus), fr. L. canon a measuring line, rule, model, fr. Gr. kanw`n rule, rod, fr. ka`nh, ka`nnh, reed. See Cane, and cf. Canonical.] 1. A law or rule.
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Or that the Everlasting had not fixed
His canon 'gainst self-slaughter.
Shak.
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2. (Eccl.) A law, or rule of doctrine or discipline, enacted by a council and confirmed by the pope or the sovereign; a decision, regulation, code, or constitution made by ecclesiastical authority.
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Various canons which were made in councils held in the second centry.
Hook.
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3. The collection of books received as genuine Holy Scriptures, called the sacred canon, or general rule of moral and religious duty, given by inspiration; the Bible; also, any one of the canonical Scriptures. See Canonical books, under Canonical, a.
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4. In monasteries, a book containing the rules of a religious order.
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5. A catalogue of saints acknowledged and canonized in the Roman Catholic Church.
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6. A member of a cathedral chapter; a person who possesses a prebend in a cathedral or collegiate church.
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7. (Mus.) A musical composition in which the voices begin one after another, at regular intervals, successively taking up the same subject. It either winds up with a coda (tailpiece), or, as each voice finishes, commences anew, thus forming a perpetual fugue or round. It is the strictest form of imitation. See Imitation.
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8. (Print.) The largest size of type having a specific name; -- so called from having been used for printing the canons of the church.
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9. The part of a bell by which it is suspended; -- called also ear and shank. [See Illust. of Bell.] Knight.
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10. (Billiards) See Carom.
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Apostolical canons. See under Apostolical. -- Augustinian canons, Black canons. See under Augustinian. -- Canon capitular, Canon residentiary, a resident member of a cathedral chapter (during a part or the whole of the year). -- Canon law. See under Law. -- Canon of the Mass (R. C. Ch.), that part of the mass, following the Sanctus, which never changes. -- Honorary canon, a canon{6} who neither lived in a monastery, nor kept the canonical hours. -- Minor canon (Ch. of Eng.), one who has been admitted to a chapter, but has not yet received a prebend. -- Regular canon (R. C. Ch.), one who lived in a conventual community and followed the rule of St. Austin; a Black canon. -- Secular canon (R. C. Ch.), one who did not live in a monastery, but kept the hours.
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Ca*on"

(k*nyn"; anglicized kn"yn), n. [Sp., a tube or hollow, fr. caa reed, fr. L. canna. See Cane.] A deep gorge, ravine, or gulch, between high and steep banks, worn by water courses. [Mexico & Western U. S.]
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Fri 14th December 2018