Bergamot

Ber"ga*mot

(br"g*mt), n. [F. bergamote, fr. It. bergamotta; prob. a corruption of Turk. beg armdi a lord's pear.] 1. (Bot.) (a) A tree of the Orange family (Citrus bergamia), having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind of which an essential oil of delicious odor is extracted, much prized as a perfume. Also, the fruit. (b) A variety of mint (Mentha aquatica, var. glabrata).
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2. The essence or perfume made from the fruit.
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3. A variety of pear. Johnson.
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4. A variety of snuff perfumed with bergamot.
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The better hand . . . gives the nose its bergamot.
Cowper.
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5. A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or hemp, mixed with ox's or goat's hair; -- said to have been invented at Bergamo, Italy. Encyc. Brit.
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Wild bergamot (Bot.), an American herb of the Mint family (Monarda fistulosa).
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Sun 16th December 2018