Bee(b), n. [AS. be; akin to D. bij and bije, Icel. b, Sw. & Dan. bi, OHG. pini, G. biene, and perh. Ir. beach, Lith. bitis, Skr. bha. 97.] 1. (Zol.) An insect of the order Hymenoptera, and family Apid (the honeybees), or family Andrenid (the solitary bees.) See Honeybee.
There are many genera and species. The common honeybee (Apis mellifica) lives in swarms, each of which has its own queen, its males or drones, and its very numerous workers, which are barren females. Besides the Apis mellifica there are other species and varieties of honeybees, as the Apis ligustica of Spain and Italy; the Apis Indica of India; the Apis fasciata of Egypt. The bumblebee is a species of Bombus. The tropical honeybees belong mostly to Melipoma and Trigona.
2. A neighborly gathering of people who engage in united labor for the benefit of an individual or family; as, a quilting
bee; a husking
bee; a raising
The cellar . . . was dug by a bee in a single day.S. G. Goodrich.
3. pl. [Prob. fr. AS.
beh ring, fr.
bgan to bend. See 1st Bow.]
(Naut.) Pieces of hard wood bolted to the sides of the bowsprit, to reeve the fore-topmast stays through; -- called also
(Zol.), a beetle (Trichodes apiarius) parasitic in beehives. --
(Zol.), a bird that eats the honeybee, as the European flycatcher, and the American kingbird. --
(Bot.), an orchidaceous plant of the genus Ophrys (Ophrys apifera), whose flowers have some resemblance to bees, flies, and other insects. --
(Zol.), a two winged fly of the family Bombyliid. Some species, in the larval state, are parasitic upon bees. --
Bee garden, a garden or inclosure to set beehives in ; an apiary.
Bee glue, a soft, unctuous matter, with which bees cement the combs to the hives, and close up the cells; -- called also
(Zol.), the honey buzzard. --
(Zol.), a large two-winged fly of the family Asilid (esp. Trupanea apivora) which feeds upon the honeybee. See Robber fly. --
(Zol.), a minute, wingless, dipterous insect (Braula cca) parasitic on hive bees. --
(Zol.), the kingbird (Tyrannus Carolinensis) which occasionally feeds on bees. --
(Zol.), a moth (Galleria cereana) whose larv feed on honeycomb, occasioning great damage in beehives. --
(Zol.), the larva of the bee beetle. See Illust. of
Bee beetle. --
To have a bee in the head
To have a bee in the bonnet. (a) To be choleric.
[Obs.] (b) To be restless or uneasy.
B. Jonson. (c) To be full of fancies; to be a little crazy. "She's whiles crack-brained, and has a bee in her head."
Sir W. Scott.
bee balmn. 1. a perennial herb (Monarda fistulosa) of North America.
2. a perennial aromatic herb of eastern North America (Monarda didyma) having variously colored tubular flowers in dense showy heads.
Syn. -- bee balm, bergamot mint, oswego tea.
3. a bushy perennial Old World mint, Melissa officinalis, having small white or yellowish flowers and fragrant lemon-flavored leaves; a garden escapee in northern Europe and North America.
Syn. -- lemon balm, garden balm, sweet balm, bee balm, Melissa officinalis.
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