Bean

Bean

(bn), n. [OE. bene, AS. ben; akin to D. boon, G. bohne, OHG. pna, Icel. baun, Dan. bnne, Sw. bna, and perh. to Russ. bob, L. faba.] 1. (Bot.) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the genera Faba, Phaseolus, and Dolichos; also, to the herbs.
[1913 Webster]

The origin and classification of many kinds are still doubtful. Among true beans are: the black-eyed bean and China bean, included in Dolichos Sinensis; black Egyptian bean or hyacinth bean, Dolichos Lablab; the common haricot beans, kidney beans, string beans, and pole beans, all included in Phaseolus vulgaris; the lower bush bean, Phaseolus vulgaris, variety nanus; Lima bean, Phaseolus lunatus; Spanish bean and scarlet runner, Phaseolus multiflorus; Windsor bean, the common bean of England, Faba vulgaris.
[1913 Webster]

As an article of food beans are classed with vegetables.
[1913 Webster]

2. The popular name of other vegetable seeds or fruits, more or less resembling true beans.
[1913 Webster]

Bean aphis (Zol.), a plant louse (Aphis fab) which infests the bean plant. -- Bean fly (Zol.), a fly found on bean flowers. -- Bean goose (Zol.), a species of goose (Anser segetum). -- Bean weevil (Zol.), a small weevil that in the larval state destroys beans. The American species is Bruchus fab. -- Florida bean (Bot.), the seed of Mucuna urens, a West Indian plant. The seeds are washed up on the Florida shore, and are often polished and made into ornaments. -- Ignatius bean, or St. Ignatius's bean (Bot.), a species of Strychnos. -- Navy bean, the common dried white bean of commerce; probably so called because an important article of food in the navy. -- Pea bean, a very small and highly esteemed variety of the edible white bean; -- so called from its size. -- Sacred bean. See under Sacred. -- Screw bean. See under Screw. -- Sea bean. (a) Same as Florida bean. (b) A red bean of unknown species used for ornament. -- Tonquin bean, or Tonka bean, the fragrant seed of Dipteryx odorata, a leguminous tree. -- Vanilla bean. See under Vanilla.
[1913 Webster]

 

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Thu 13th December 2018